Fashion Advertisements and Young Women: Determining Visual Attention Using Eye Tracking

Hae Won Ju, Kim K P Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


The purpose of this research was to investigate how young women visually attended to a fashion advertisement by measuring their eye movements and to examine whether personal characteristics influenced individual differences in eye movements and self-reports of social comparison. The relationship between eye movement and participants' reported comparison to the model was also investigated. Participants (n = 80) completed part one of a questionnaire, viewed seven fashion advertisements while their eye movements were recorded, and then completed part two of a questionnaire. Data were analyzed using multiple regression. As compared to other advertisement elements, participants looked at the model significantly longer and more often. Internalization of the thin ideal influenced time spent looking at the model, eye fixations on the model, and self-reports of social comparison, while self-esteem and tendency for appearance comparison did not. Eye movement was correlated with self-reports of social comparison. Discussion of the possible use of eye tracking to objectively measure social comparison is provided.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)159-173
Number of pages15
JournalClothing and Textiles Research Journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2010


  • advertisements
  • eye tracking
  • fashion model
  • social comparison


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