Family weight teasing, ethnicity and acculturation: Associations with well-being among Latinx, Hmong, and Somali Adolescents

Marla E Eisenberg, Rebecca Puhl, Eunice M. Areba, Dianne R Neumark-Sztainer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: This study examines the prevalence of weight-based teasing by family members and associations with unhealthy weight control behaviors, body satisfaction, self-esteem, and depressive symptoms among adolescents from three immigrant communities (Latinx, Hmong, and Somali). Methods: Data come from EAT 2010, a population-based study of weight and related behaviors (N = 1577, mean age = 14.5 years). Adjusted models tested associations between weight-based teasing and well-being, controlling for BMI and ethnic group; effect modification by ethnic group and acculturation were also explored. Results: Family weight-based teasing was common (12.1%–42.9% reporting this experience across gender and ethnic groups)and was associated with all four measures of well-being in the expected direction. Associations were statistically equivalent in all ethnic groups and were not modified by acculturation. Conclusion: Youth from immigrant communities experience family weight-based teasing and associated threats to well-being. Additional research is needed to further understand the cultural context of weight-based teasing and develop relevant prevention messages.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)88-93
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Psychosomatic Research
Volume122
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2019

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Acculturation
Weights and Measures
Ethnic Groups
Behavior Control
Self Concept
Cross-Sectional Studies
Depression
Research
Population

Keywords

  • Acculturation
  • Adolescence
  • Mental health
  • Weight-based teasing
  • Weight-control behavior

Cite this

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title = "Family weight teasing, ethnicity and acculturation: Associations with well-being among Latinx, Hmong, and Somali Adolescents",
abstract = "Objective: This study examines the prevalence of weight-based teasing by family members and associations with unhealthy weight control behaviors, body satisfaction, self-esteem, and depressive symptoms among adolescents from three immigrant communities (Latinx, Hmong, and Somali). Methods: Data come from EAT 2010, a population-based study of weight and related behaviors (N = 1577, mean age = 14.5 years). Adjusted models tested associations between weight-based teasing and well-being, controlling for BMI and ethnic group; effect modification by ethnic group and acculturation were also explored. Results: Family weight-based teasing was common (12.1{\%}–42.9{\%} reporting this experience across gender and ethnic groups)and was associated with all four measures of well-being in the expected direction. Associations were statistically equivalent in all ethnic groups and were not modified by acculturation. Conclusion: Youth from immigrant communities experience family weight-based teasing and associated threats to well-being. Additional research is needed to further understand the cultural context of weight-based teasing and develop relevant prevention messages.",
keywords = "Acculturation, Adolescence, Mental health, Weight-based teasing, Weight-control behavior",
author = "Eisenberg, {Marla E} and Rebecca Puhl and Areba, {Eunice M.} and Neumark-Sztainer, {Dianne R}",
year = "2019",
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doi = "10.1016/j.jpsychores.2019.04.007",
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T2 - Associations with well-being among Latinx, Hmong, and Somali Adolescents

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AU - Puhl, Rebecca

AU - Areba, Eunice M.

AU - Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne R

PY - 2019/7/1

Y1 - 2019/7/1

N2 - Objective: This study examines the prevalence of weight-based teasing by family members and associations with unhealthy weight control behaviors, body satisfaction, self-esteem, and depressive symptoms among adolescents from three immigrant communities (Latinx, Hmong, and Somali). Methods: Data come from EAT 2010, a population-based study of weight and related behaviors (N = 1577, mean age = 14.5 years). Adjusted models tested associations between weight-based teasing and well-being, controlling for BMI and ethnic group; effect modification by ethnic group and acculturation were also explored. Results: Family weight-based teasing was common (12.1%–42.9% reporting this experience across gender and ethnic groups)and was associated with all four measures of well-being in the expected direction. Associations were statistically equivalent in all ethnic groups and were not modified by acculturation. Conclusion: Youth from immigrant communities experience family weight-based teasing and associated threats to well-being. Additional research is needed to further understand the cultural context of weight-based teasing and develop relevant prevention messages.

AB - Objective: This study examines the prevalence of weight-based teasing by family members and associations with unhealthy weight control behaviors, body satisfaction, self-esteem, and depressive symptoms among adolescents from three immigrant communities (Latinx, Hmong, and Somali). Methods: Data come from EAT 2010, a population-based study of weight and related behaviors (N = 1577, mean age = 14.5 years). Adjusted models tested associations between weight-based teasing and well-being, controlling for BMI and ethnic group; effect modification by ethnic group and acculturation were also explored. Results: Family weight-based teasing was common (12.1%–42.9% reporting this experience across gender and ethnic groups)and was associated with all four measures of well-being in the expected direction. Associations were statistically equivalent in all ethnic groups and were not modified by acculturation. Conclusion: Youth from immigrant communities experience family weight-based teasing and associated threats to well-being. Additional research is needed to further understand the cultural context of weight-based teasing and develop relevant prevention messages.

KW - Acculturation

KW - Adolescence

KW - Mental health

KW - Weight-based teasing

KW - Weight-control behavior

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