Family Socialization for Racism and Heterosexism: Experiences of Latinx Sexual Minority Adolescents and Young Adults

Russell B. Toomey, Maura Shramko, Melissa Flores, Karla Anhalt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Experiences of racism and heterosexism are common among marginalized adolescents and young adults. Family socialization processes that aim to prepare young people for bias have been studied among racial–ethnic minority populations; however, they have not been investigated among sexual minority populations. This study examined the associations among preparation for bias related to ethnicity and sexual orientation, minority stressors (i.e., bias-based victimization and discrimination) attributed to ethnicity and sexual orientation, and well-being (i.e., depressive symptoms and self-esteem) in a sample of 236 Latinx adolescents and young adults (Mage = 19). All minority stressors were associated with poorer well-being. Preparation for bias related to ethnicity was not associated with well-being; however, preparation for bias related to sexual orientation was associated with lower self-esteem. Furthermore, preparation for bias related to sexual orientation moderated the association between bias-based victimization and depressive symptoms such that the association was only significant at high levels of preparation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3586-3611
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of Family Issues
Volume39
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank the young people who participated in the study. We also thank the Gay, Lesbian & Straight Education Network (GLSEN) for their assistance with participant recruitment. (The study was approved by GLSEN?s Research Ethics Review Committee for promotion by GLSEN.) The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: Support for this project was provided by a Loan Repayment Award by the National Institute of Minority Health and Health Disparities (L60 MD008862; Toomey).

Funding Information:
The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: Support for this project was provided by a Loan Repayment Award by the National Institute of Minority Health and Health Disparities (L60 MD008862; Toomey).

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2018.

Keywords

  • Latinx youth
  • heterosexism
  • preparation for bias
  • racism
  • sexual minority
  • well-being

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