This study examined neuroanatomical differences between male schizophrenic patients with a family history of psychosis (n = 16) and those without such a history (n = 15). Intracranial area, cerebral area, ventricular size, and cortical atrophy were assessed using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Third ventricular enlargement was more prevalent in patients than controls (n = 15). Familial and nonfamilial patients differed significantly. Reduced cranial and cerebral areas without ventricular enlargement characterized familial patients, whereas nonfamilial patients showed marked lateral ventricular enlargement without a reduction in cranial/cerebral size.
- family history
- magnetic resonance imaging