Familial Prevalence and Coaggregation of Schizotypy Indicators: A Multitrait Family Study

William M. Grove, Boyd S. Lebow, Brett A. Clementz, Anna Cerri, Carlota Medus, William G. Iacono

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185 Scopus citations


Schizophrenic probands (n = 17), their first-degree relatives (n = 61), and medically and psychiatrically screened normal control subjects (n = 18) were studied with structured interviews for DSM-III Axis I disorders and schizotypal personality disorder, questionnaire measures of schizotypy, measures of smooth-pursuit eye movement dysfunction, and attention dysfunction. Schizophrenic subjects scored abnormally on essentially all measures. Relatives differed significantly from control subjects on most measures. Correlational analyses indicate that many characteristics tested in these measures run together in families. The data are consistent with the hypothesis that a single vulnerability dimension or typology, presumably in part genetically transmitted, may account for phenotypically distinct abnormalities. These traits, taken together, may have joint usefulness for identifying persons with a predisposition to schizophrenia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)115-121
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of abnormal psychology
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 1991


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