Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is often familial and is associated with high mortality. Primary (familial) HLH is known to occur in children with mutations in perforin, Munc13-4, or syntaxin 11. We describe a case series of two brothers who developed HLH in the setting of X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA, Bruton's disease) and adenovirus infection. Further studies revealed absence of Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) protein expression and a novel BTK mutation.
- Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis
- X-linked agammaglobulinemia