Factors Associated with Nursing Home Admission after Stroke in Older Women

Christina L. Bell, Andrea Z. LaCroix, Manisha Desai, Haley Hedlin, Stephen R. Rapp, Crystal Cene, Jyoti Savla, Tetyana Shippee, Sylvia Wassertheil-Smoller, Marcia L. Stefanick, Kamal Masaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Background We examined the social and economic factors associated with nursing home (NH) admission in older women, overall and poststroke. Methods The Women's Health Initiative (WHI) included women aged 50-79 years at enrollment (1993-1998). In the WHI Extension Study (2005-2010), participants annually reported any NH admission in the preceding year. Separate multivariate logistic regression models analyzed social and economic factors associated with long-term NH admission, defined as an admission on 2 or more questionnaires, overall and poststroke. Results Of 103,237 participants, 8904 (8.6%) reported NH admission (2005-2010); 534 of 2225 (24.0%) women with incident stroke reported poststroke NH admission. Decreased likelihoods of NH admission overall were demonstrated for Asian, Black, and Hispanic women (versus whites, adjusted odds ratio [aOR] =.35-.44, P <.001) and women with higher income (aOR =.75, 95% confidence interval [CI] =.63-.90), whereas increased likelihoods of NH admission overall were seen for women with lower social support (aOR = 1.34, 95% CI = 1.16-1.54) and with incident stroke (aOR = 2.59, 95% CI = 2.15-3.12). Increased odds of NH admission after stroke were demonstrated for women with moderate disability after stroke (aOR = 2.76, 95% CI = 1.73-4.42). Further adjustment for stroke severity eliminated the association found for race/ethnicity, income, and social support. Conclusions The level of care needed after a disabling stroke may overwhelm social and economic structures in place that might otherwise enable avoidance of NH admission. We need to identify ways to provide care consistent with patients' preferences, even after a disabling stroke.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2329-2337
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 National Stroke Association.


  • Disability
  • ethnicity
  • institutionalization
  • long-term care
  • race
  • social support


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