Factors affecting farmers' willingness to grow alternative biofuel feedstocks across Kansas

Marcellus M. Caldas, Jason S. Bergtold, Jeffrey M. Peterson, Russell W. Graves, Dietrich Earnhart, Sheng Gong, Brian Lauer, J. Christopher Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations


Energy conservation has emerged as one of the biggest challenges of the world in the XXI century, and not different from many countries, the US has created plans and policies to stimulate renewable energy alternative. Among the important alternatives for energy conservation is the use of biomass energy. Despite these stimuli production predictions are not confident that production would achieve the planned target for the U.S. Consequently, the predictions raise questions about farmer's willingness to grow bioenergy crops or produce alternative cellulosic feedstocks. In other words, farmers and landholders may not be willing to grow bioenergy crops. With this concerns in mind, the study advances previous research about bioenergy production by evaluating farmer's and landholder's willingness to produce different varieties of biofuel feedstocks. To achieve our goals, we used a mail survey of Kansas farmers conducted from January to April of 2011. The survey contained questions related to how farmers make their land-use decisions covering a wide array of topics. Through this survey, we evaluate the effect of farm characteristics, farm management practices, farmer perceptions (such as risk aversion), physical variables (such as soil, weather, and the availability of water for irrigation) on farmers' willingness to produce value-added feedstocks (e.g., corn stover), dedicated annual bioenergy crops (e.g., energy sorghum), and dedicated perennial bioenergy crops (e.g., switchgrass) for biofuel production in Kansas, though the use of logistic regressions and marginal effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)223-231
Number of pages9
JournalBiomass and Bioenergy
StatePublished - Jul 2014
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by ‘Kansas NSF EPSCoR: Farmers’ Decisions to Grow Crops for Fuel – NSF EPSCoR Division, Research Infrastructure Improvement – 0903806 and Collaborative Research: Land Change in the Cerrado: Ethanol and Sugar Cane Expansion at the Farm and Industry Scale – NSF BCS – 1227451.We are particularly indebted to all who have participated in our various field activities. We remain responsible for any remaining errors.


  • Biofuel
  • Crop choice
  • Farmer's willingness
  • Feedstocks
  • Kansas
  • Scenarios


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