Factor Structure of the Psychopathic Personality Inventory: Validity and Implications for Clinical Assessment

Stephen D. Benning, Christopher J. Patrick, Brian M. Hicks, Daniel M. Blonigen, Robert F. Krueger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

462 Scopus citations

Abstract

Psychopathy is a personality disorder characterized by impulsive antisocial deviance in the context of emotional and interpersonal detachment. A factor analysis of the subscales of the Psychopathic Personality Inventory (PPI) yielded evidence for 2 factors. One factor showed relations with external criteria mirroring those of the emotional-interpersonal facet of psychopathy, including high dominance, low anxiety, and venturesomeness. The other factor showed relations paralleling those of the social deviance facet of psychopathy, including positive correlations with antisocial behavior and substance abuse, negative correlations with socioeconomic status and verbal ability, and personality characteristics including high negative emotionally and low behavioral constraint. Findings support using the PPI to assess these facets of psychopathy in community samples and to explore their behavioral correlates and genetic-neurobiological underpinnings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)340-350
Number of pages11
JournalPsychological assessment
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2003

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