Factor structure of the Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire (BPAQ) with mentally ILL male prisoners

Pamela M. Diamond, Eugene W. Wang, Jacqueline Buffington-Vollum

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations


Because of the rising frequency and severity of violence in prison populations, quick and accurate screening of aggressiveness is vital. The Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire (BPAQ) is a 29-item self-report measure of aggression. Bryant and Smith proposed a refined 12-item, four-factor version with superior psychometric qualities; however, Williams, Boyd, Cascardi, and Poythress found a different factor structure among jail detainees than is usually found with nonoffenders. The current study used confirmatory factor analyses with data from mentally ill male offenders in a state prison to examine several previously proposed models for the BPAQ. Results confirmed the four-factor structure, the factorial invariance across populations, and supported the use of a modified 12-item refined BPAQ with this prison population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)546-564
Number of pages19
JournalCriminal Justice and Behavior
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2005

Bibliographical note

Copyright 2011 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Aggression
  • Confirmatory factor analysis
  • Measurement
  • Mentally ill offenders


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