Facilitated olefin transport through room temperature ionic liquids for separation of olefin/paraffin mixtures

Jung Hyun Lee, Sang Wook Kang, Donghoon Song, Jongok Won, Yong Soo Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

The ideal separation factor for propylene over propane approached 3.2 through the use of room temperature ionic liquids (ILs) such as 1-methyl-3-octyl imidazolium nitrate (MOIM +NO 3 -, 98%) and 1-butyl-3-methyl imidazolium tetrafluoroborate (BMIM +BF 4 -, 98%), which may be attributable to facilitated olefin transport via specific and reversible interactions between ILs and propylene, but not propane. Specific and reversible interactions were verified experimentally from transient sorption/desorption data and FT-IR spectroscopy and theoretically by quantum mechanical calculations. The mixed gas selectivity for propylene/propane mixtures (50/50vol%) was 2.8 through ILs whereas with PEG 400 (Mw=400), which has nearly the same viscosity, the selectivity was only 1.2. This study demonstrated for the first time facilitated olefin transport through ILs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)159-164
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume423-424
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 15 2012
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) for the WCU (World Class University) program ( R31-2008-000-10092 ), the Korea Center for Artificial Photosynthesis (KCAP) located in Sogang University ( NRF-2009-C1AAA001-2009-0093879 ), and the Center for Next Generation Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells (No. 2011-0001055 ), through the National Research Foundation of Korea funded by the Ministry of Education, Science, and Technology .

Keywords

  • Facilitated transport
  • Interaction
  • Ionic liquid
  • Propylene

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