Facial input to neck motoneurons: trigemino-cervical reflexes in the conscious and anaesthetised cat

V. C. Abrahams, A. A. Kori, G. E. Loeb, F. J.R. Richmond, P. K. Rose, S. A. Keirstead

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46 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cutaneous facial inputs influencing head movement were examined in the conscious and anaesthetised cat. EMG recordings were made in neck muscles of conscious, unrestrained cats in which an unexpected light cutaneous stimulus was applied to the glabrous skin of the planum nasale (PN). These observations established that head aversion movements were associated with synchronised activation of both deep and superficial dorsal neck muscles. In anaesthetised cats in which activity in the motoneurons of the large dorsal neck muscles was examined, mechanical stimulation of the PN or electrical stimulation of the infraorbital nerve (ION) produced a short latency, reflex activation. The reflex could be elicited by excitation of low threshold, rapidly conducting fibres in the ION. Intracellular recording from neck motoneurons showed that there is a short latency, probably disynaptic, excitatory pathway from low threshold nerves in the ION to neck motoneurons, but discharge of neck motoneurons occurred several milliseconds later, presumably as a result of activity in a longer multisynaptic pathway.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23-30
Number of pages8
JournalExperimental Brain Research
Volume97
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1993

Keywords

  • Cat
  • Neck muscles
  • Reflexes
  • Superior colliculus
  • Trigeminal system

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