Fabrication of Large-Area Metal-on-Carbon Catalytic Condensers for Programmable Catalysis

Kyung Ryul Oh, Tzia Ming Onn, Amber Walton, Michael L. Odlyzko, C. Daniel Frisbie, Paul J. Dauenhauer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Catalytic condensers stabilize charge on either side of a high-k dielectric film to modulate the electronic states of a catalytic layer for the electronic control of surface reactions. Here, carbon sputtering provided for fast, large-scale fabrication of metal-carbon catalytic condensers required for industrial application. Carbon films were sputtered on HfO2 dielectric/p-type Si with different thicknesses (1, 3, 6, and 10 nm), and the enhancement of conductance and capacitance of carbon films was observed upon increasing the carbon thickness following thermal treatment at 400 °C. After Pt deposition on the carbon films, the Pt catalytic condenser exhibited a high capacitance of ∼210 nF/cm2 that was maintained at a frequency ∼1000 Hz, satisfying the requirement for a dynamic catalyst to implement catalytic resonance. Temperature-programmed desorption of carbon monoxide yielded CO desorption peaks that shifted in temperature with the varying potential applied to the condenser (−6 or +6 V), indicating a shift in the binding energy of carbon monoxide on the Pt condenser surface. A substantial increase in capacitance (∼2000 nF/cm2) of the Pt-on-carbon devices was observed at elevated temperatures of 400 °C that can modulate ∼10% of charge per metal atom when 10 V potential was applied. A large catalytic condenser of 42 cm2 area Pt/C/HfO2/Si exhibited a high capacitance of 9393 nF with a low leakage current/capacitive current ratio (<0.1), demonstrating the practicality and versatility of the facile, large-scale fabrication method for metal-carbon catalytic condensers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)684-694
Number of pages11
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 10 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 American Chemical Society


  • catalysis
  • dynamics
  • energy
  • programmable
  • storage

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article


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