By impregnating the thermal stable TiO 2 nanotubes (C/TiO 2 NTs) in NH 4 F solution with different concentrations and subsequent calcination treatment at different temperatures, C, N, F-tridoped TiO 2 nanotubes (C, N, F/TiO 2 NTs) were prepared. XRD, XPS, TEM, TG-DTG, UV–vis and nitrogen adsorption were used to and characterize the prepared materials. The influences of dopants, calcination temperature and NH 4 F concentration on the catalytic performances of C, N, F/TiO 2 NTs under UV light and simulated sunlight were investigated by using methyl orange solution as simulant wastewater. Obtained results indicated that the C, N, F/TiO 2 NTs exhibited higher photocatalytic activity than the C-doped or N, F-codoped ones, and the C, N, F/TiO 2 NTs showed the best photocatalytic performance when they were calcinated at 300 °C and impregnated by 1 wt.% NH 4 F solution. The electronic density of states (DOS) analysis results implied that the C, N, F-tridoping could improve the electronic transition and narrow the band gap of anatase TiO 2 , and resulted in improved photocatalytic performance. The synergistic effects of the three dopants were also discussed.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China ( 21373120 , 21301098 , 21406120 ).
© 2018 Elsevier B.V.
- C, N, F-tridoping
- DOS analysis
- Photocatalytic performance
- Synergistic effect
- TiO nanotubes