Extragalactic millimeter-wave point-source catalog, number counts and statistics from 771 deg2 of the SPT-SZ survey

L. M. Mocanu, T. M. Crawford, J. D. Vieira, K. A. Aird, M. Aravena, J. E. Austermann, B. A. Benson, M. Béthermin, L. E. Bleem, M. Bothwell, J. E. Carlstrom, C. L. Chang, S. Chapman, H. M. Cho, A. T. Crites, T. De Haan, M. A. Dobbs, W. B. Everett, E. M. George, N. W. HalversonN. Harrington, Y. Hezaveh, G. P. Holder, W. L. Holzapfel, S. Hoover, J. D. Hrubes, R. Keisler, L. Knox, A. T. Lee, E. M. Leitch, M. Lueker, D. Luong-Van, D. P. Marrone, J. J. McMahon, J. Mehl, S. S. Meyer, J. J. Mohr, T. E. Montroy, T. Natoli, S. Padin, T. Plagge, C. Pryke, A. Rest, C. L. Reichardt, J. E. Ruhl, J. T. Sayre, K. K. Schaffer, E. Shirokoff, H. G. Spieler, J. S. Spilker, B. Stalder, Z. Staniszewski, A. A. Stark, K. T. Story, E. R. Switzer, K. Vanderlinde, R. Williamson

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144 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present a point-source catalog from 771 deg2 of the South Pole Telescope Sunyaev-Zel'dovich survey at 95, 150, and 220 GHz. We detect 1545 sources above 4.5σ significance in at least one band. Based on their relative brightness between survey bands, we classify the sources into two populations, one dominated by synchrotron emission from active galactic nuclei, and one dominated by thermal emission from dust-enshrouded star-forming galaxies. We find 1238 synchrotron and 307 dusty sources. We cross-match all sources against external catalogs and find 189 unidentified synchrotron sources and 189 unidentified dusty sources. The dusty sources without counterparts are good candidates for high-redshift, strongly lensed submillimeter galaxies. We derive number counts for each population from 1 Jy down to roughly 11, 4, and 11 mJy at 95, 150, and 220 GHz. We compare these counts with galaxy population models and find that none of the models we consider for either population provide a good fit to the measured counts in all three bands. The disparities imply that these measurements will be an important input to the next generation of millimeter-wave extragalactic source population models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number61
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume779
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 10 2013

Keywords

  • galaxies: high-redshift
  • submillimeter: galaxies
  • surveys

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