The male accessory reproductive gland (ARG) of the house cricket, Acheta domesticus (L.), contains an exceedingly high concentration of cyclic GMP, about 1,000 pmol/mg protein. Immunofluorescent localization and radioimmunoassay measurements show that cyclic GMP is concentrated in a small number of tubules. It accumulates in the tubule lumina where it is protected from degradation by phosphodiesterases. Cyclic GMP is secreted by the ARG and is incorporated into spermatophores. Over 80% of spermatophore cyclic GMP is found in the handle‐capillary tube, a thin conduit through which sperm pass during transfer to the female. The concentration of cyclic GMP in the insemination fluid is about 20 μM but does not appear to be specifically associated with the sperm. Cyclic GMP enters the female spermatheca during insemination but disappears rapidly. Physiological effects of cyclic GMP on sperm were not observed nor was an effect of cyclic GMP observed on egg laying by mated females. Cyclic AMP was localized on sperm flagella in the spermatophore and in the spermatheca. These studies indicate that cyclic nucleotides have important roles in insect reproduction and that the house cricket is a good model for elucidating these functions.