Extension of a temperature-dependent aqueous solvation model to compounds containing nitrogen, fluorine, chlorine, bromine, and sulfur

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Abstract

Most methods for predicting free energies of solvation have been developed or validated exclusively for room temperature. Recently, we developed a model called SM6T for predicting aqueous solvation free energies as a function of temperature for solutes composed of C, H, or O, and here we present solvation model 8 with temperature dependence (SM8T) for predicting the temperature dependence of aqueous free energies of solvation for compounds containing H, C, N, O, F, S, Cl, and Br in the range 273-373 K. We also describe the database of experimental aqueous free energies of solvation used to parametrize the model. SM8T partitions the temperature dependence of the free energy of solvation into two components: the temperature dependence of the bulk electrostatic contribution to the free energy of solvation, which is computed using the generalized Born equation, and the temperature dependence of first-solvation-shell effects, which is modeled by terms proportional to the solvent-exposed surface areas of atoms in functional groups determined entirely by geometry. SM8T predicts die temperature dependence of aqueous free energies of solvation with a mean unsigned error of 0.08 kcal/mol over a database of 4403 measurements on 348 compounds at various temperatures. We also discuss the accuracy of SM8T for predicting the temperature dependence of aqueous free energies of solvation for ions and present free energies of solvation as a function of temperature for two sample ions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3024-3039
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume112
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 13 2008

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