Extending the Common Sense Model to Explore the Impact of the Fear of COVID-19 on Quality of Life in an International Inflammatory Bowel Disease Cohort

Bree Hayes, Pragalathan Apputhurai, Antonina Mikocka-Walus, Manuel Barreiro-de Acosta, Charles N. Bernstein, Rebecca Burgell, Johan Burisch, Floor Bennebroek Evertsz, Nuno Ferreira, Lesley A. Graff, Inês A. Trindade, Richard Gearry, Bobby Lo, Anna Mokrowiecka, Gabriele Moser, Megan Petrik, Andreas Stengel, Simon R. Knowles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aim of this cross-sectional study was to use an extended common sense model (CSM) to evaluate the impact of fear of COVID-19 on quality of life (QoL) in an international inflammatory bowel disease cohort. An online study involving 319 adults (75% female, mean (SD) 14.06 (15.57) years of symptoms) completed the Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale, Brief Illness Perceptions Questionnaire, Fear of Contracting COVID-19 Scale, Brief-COPE, Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale, and the EUROHIS-QOL. The extended CSM had an excellent fit (χ2 (9) = 17.06, p =.05, χ2/N = 1.90, RMSEA = 0.05, SRMR = 0.04, CFI =.99, TLI =.97, GFI = 0.99), indicating the influence of gastrointestinal symptoms on QoL was mediated by illness perceptions, fear of COVID-19, adaptive and maladaptive coping, and psychological distress. Interventions targeting the fear of COVID-19 in the context of an individual’s perceptions will likely enhance QoL during the pandemic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)678-688
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Volume29
Issue number3
Early online dateSep 24 2021
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 24 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

Keywords

  • COVID-19 pandemic
  • Common sense model
  • Fear
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Psychological distress
  • Quality of life

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