The efficacy of live attenuated bacterial vectors is dependent upon the fine-tuning of a strain’s immu-nogenicity and its virulence. Strains are often engineered to deliver heterologous antigens, but soluble expression of recombinant proteins can be troublesome. Therefore, secretion systems or chaperone proteins are routinely used to assist in attaining high levels of functional, soluble protein production. However, the effects of chaperone expression on the virulence of attenuated bacterial vectors have not been previously reported. In anticipation of utilizing periplasmic chaperone proteins to facilitate soluble production of immunomodulatory proteins in an attenuated strain of Salmonella Typhimurium, the production of the chaperones was tested for their effect on both culture growth and bacterial persistence in mouse tissues. Although no effect on growth of the bacteria was observed in vitro, the increased expression of the periplasmic chaperones resulted in over-attenuation of the Salmonella in vivo.