Expression of insulin‐like growth factor binding proteins in human breast cancer correlates with estrogen receptor status

Jose A. Figueroa, James G. Jackson, William L. McGuire, Robert F. Krywicki, Douglas Yee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

82 Scopus citations

Abstract

The insulin‐like growth factors (IGFs) have been implicated in the growth regulation of human breast cancer. Since the IGFs are associated with specific binding proteins (IGFBPs) which may modulate receptor/ligand interactions, production of IGFBPs by breast cancer cells could alter their IGF‐dependent growth. This study examined the expression of IGFBPs 4, 5, and 6 in eight breast cancer cell lines (BCCLs) using ribonuclease (RNase) protection assays. IGFBP‐4 mRNA was detected in all BCCLs studied. IGFBP‐5 expression was higher in estrogen receptor (ER) positive cells, while IGFBP‐6 mRNA was detected in only two ER negative BCCLs. We also found that E2 treatment enhanced the expression of IGFBPs 2, 4, and 5 in T47‐D cells. We next studied IGFBP mRNA expression in 40 primary breast tumors. All tumors expressed mRNA for IGFBPs 2–6 but none expressed IGFBP‐1 message. IGFBP‐3 expression was higher in ER negative tumors, while that of IGFBP‐4 and ‐5 was higher in ER positive specimens. These differences were statistically significant (P < .05). Ligand blot analysis of tumor extracts confirmed the presence of IGFBPs in breast cancer tissues. Thus, differential IGFBP expression in ER positive and negative tumors suggests an important role for this protein in breast cancer biology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)196-205
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Cellular Biochemistry
Volume52
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1993

Keywords

  • IGFs
  • breast cancer cell lines
  • cell growth
  • hormonal regulation
  • tumor biology

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