HER-2 and HER-3 are transmembrane receptor proteins that are considered to be important but poorly understood biomarkers in canine tumors. In this study, the expression and the localization of HER-2 and HER-3 were evaluated immunohistochemically in canine mammary tumors (n= 64; 12 benign, 52 malignant).HER-2 overexpression was identified in 2/12 (16.7%) benign and in 18/51 (35.3%) malignant cases. HER-3 was expressed in a non-nuclear localization in 11/12 (91.7%) benign and 18/52 (34.6%) malignant tumors. In contrast, HER-3 was expressed in the nucleus of neoplastic cells in 0/12 (0%) benign and 22/52 (42.3%) malignant tumors. Nuclear HER-3 expression was higher in neoplastic epithelial cells compared to myoepithelial cells, and positively correlated with high histological grade and lymphatic vessel invasion. These results suggest that nuclear HER-3 expression is significantly associated with tumor progression and metastasis and may serve as a useful prognostic biomarker in canine malignant mammary tumors.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Sep 2011|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We would like to thank Ms. R.H. Jang for her excellent technical assistance and private animal clinics for providing canine mammary samples. This study was supported by a Grant from the Konkuk University Research Foundation 2010.
Copyright 2012 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
- Mammary tumors
- Nuclear protein
- Prognostic factor