Expression of glyphosate resistance in carrot somatic hybrid cells through the transfer of an amplified 5-enolpyruvylshikimic acid-3-phosphate synthase gene

R. M. Hauptmann, G. della-Cioppa, A. G. Smith, G. M. Kishore, J. M. Widholm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

A Daucus carota cell line selected as resistant to N-(phosphonomethyl)-glycine (glyphosate) was found to have increased levels of 5-enolpyruvylshikimic acid-3-phosphate synthase (EPSPS) activity of 5.5 times over wild-type carrot and an EPSPS protein level increase of 8.7 times as confirmed by Western hybridization analysis. Southern blot hybridization using a petunia EPSPS probe showed increases in the number of copies of EPSPS genes in the glyphosate-resistant line which correlated with the higher levels of the EPSPS enzyme. The mechanism of resistance to glyphosate is therefore due to amplification of the EPSPS gene. To examine the stability of the amplified genes, cloned lines selected as doubly resistant to Dl-5-methyltryptophan (5MT) and azetidine-2-carboxylate (A2C) were fused with the amplified EPSPS glyphosate-resistant cell line. Somatic hybrids expressed resistances to 5MT in a semidominant fashion while A2C and glyphosate resistance was expressed as dominant, or semi-dominant traits, in a line-specific manner. The hybrid lines possessed additive chromosome numbers of the parental lines used and no double minute chromosomes were observed. The glyphosate-resistant parental line and most somatic hybrids retained the amplified levels of EPSPS in the absence of selection pressure over a 3-year period.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)357-363
Number of pages7
JournalMGG Molecular & General Genetics
Volume211
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 1988

Keywords

  • 3-phosphate synthase (EPSPS)
  • 5-enolpyruvylshikimic acid
  • Amino acid analogs
  • Gen amplification
  • Glyphosate resistance
  • Protoplast fusion

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