Expression and phosphorylation of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E binding protein 1 in B-cell lymphomas and reactive lymphoid tissues

Dhatri Kodali, Ajay Rawal, Mary J. Ninan, Manish R. Patel, Hector Mesa, Dennis Knapp, Bertram Schnitzer, Robert A. Kratzke, Pankaj Gupta

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9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Context.- Cap-mediated messenger RNA translation controlled by the eukaryotic initiation factor 4F (elF-4F) complex plays a key role in human cancer. elF-4F activity is controlled by a repressor binding protein (4E-BP1), which promotes translation when phosphorylated. Objective.- To examine the level of expression and phosphorylation of 4E-BP1 in various subtypes of B-cell lymphoma and reactive lymphoid tissues. Design.- Archival formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded B-cell lymphoma samples and reactive lymphoid tissues were immunostained and examined for expression of 4E-BP1 and phosphorylated 4E-BP1. Expression of components of the elF-4F complex and unphosphorylated and phosphorylated 4E-BP1 was confirmed using Western immunoblotting on lysates of frozen lymphoma samples and reactive tissues. Results.- Immunohistochemical analysis demonstrated weak to undetectable 4E-BP1 staining within benign, reactive germinal centers (N = 10). In contrast, 4E-BP1 was consistently expressed (moderate to strong staining) in 98% of various subtypes of mature B-cell lymphoma (N = 50). 4E-BP1 expression was also demonstrable in all 4 lymph nodes with in situ or partial involvement by follicular lymphoma and in all 12 cases of BCL2-negative lymphoma. The level of phosphorylation of 4E-BP1 in lymphomas, evaluated by immunohistochemistry, was heterogeneous. Conclusions.- The immunohistochemical expression pattern of 4E-BP1 exhibits regional and cellular specificity in reactive lymphoid tissues and may offer a diagnostic tool for distinguishing reactive follicles from neoplastic B-cell proliferations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)365-371
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
Volume135
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2011

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