Exporting a Successful Influenza Vaccination Program from a Teaching Hospital to a Community Outpatient Setting

Karen L. Margolis, Kristin L. Nichol, Jan Wuorenma, Thomas L. Von Sternberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


Purpose: To assess whether we could export a successful multifaceted influenza vaccination program from an academic medical center to a community setting. Design: Pre/post study using concurrent control groups. Setting: Clinics in a staff model Health Maintenance Organization (HMO). One urban and one suburban clinic were chosen as intervention clinics, while two similar clinics were selected as control clinics. Patients: All patients aged 65 and over enrolled in the four clinics. Interventions: An informational mailing to patients, a standing‐order policy allowing nurses to administer vaccine, a vaccination reminder on daily appointment lists, and availability of walk‐in visits for vaccination. Patients in the control clinics received usual care. Measurements: Vaccination rates were determined using a validated postcard survey of 150 randomly selected patients at each clinic both at baseline (1988–89) and after the intervention (1989–90). Results: The baseline vaccination rates ranged from 51.4% to 74.6%, with nearly all vaccinations taking place at the HMO. In one intervention clinic, the vaccination rate improved from 56.4% to 72.3%, P = 0.01. In the other, the baseline rate was 74.6% and did not change significantly after the intervention. There was no change in the vaccination rate in the control clinics after the intervention period. Conclusions: An influenza vaccination program that combines several organizational interventions may be successfully exported from an academic to a community setting and may serve as a useful model for others. J Am Geriatr Soc 40:1021–1023, 1992 1992 The American Geriatrics Society

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1021-1023
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1992


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