TY - JOUR

T1 - Exponential separation and invariant bundles for maps in ordered Banach spaces with applications to parabolic equations

AU - Poláčik, P.

AU - Tereščák, Ignác

PY - 1993/4

Y1 - 1993/4

N2 - A vector bundle morphism of a vector bundle with strongly ordered Banach spaces as fibers is studied. It is assumed that the fiber maps of this morphism are compact and strongly positive. The existence of two complementary, dimension-one and codimension-one, continuous subbundles invariant under the morphism is established. Each fiber of the first bundle is spanned by a positive vector (that is, a nonzero vector lying in the order cone), while the fibers of the other bundle do not contain a positive vector. Moreover, the ratio between the norms of the components (given by the splitting of the bundle) of iterated images of any vector in the bundle approaches zero exponentially (if the positive component is in the denominator). This is an extension of the Krein-Rutman theorem which deals with one compact strongly positive map only. The existence of invariant bundles with the above properties appears to be very useful in the investigation of asymptotic behavior of trajectories of strongly monotone discrete-time dynamical systems, as demonstrated by Poláčik and Tereščák (Arch. Ration. Math. Anal.116, 339-360, 1991) and Hess and Poláčik (preprint). The present paper also contains some new results on typical asymptotic behavior in scalar periodic parabolic equations.

AB - A vector bundle morphism of a vector bundle with strongly ordered Banach spaces as fibers is studied. It is assumed that the fiber maps of this morphism are compact and strongly positive. The existence of two complementary, dimension-one and codimension-one, continuous subbundles invariant under the morphism is established. Each fiber of the first bundle is spanned by a positive vector (that is, a nonzero vector lying in the order cone), while the fibers of the other bundle do not contain a positive vector. Moreover, the ratio between the norms of the components (given by the splitting of the bundle) of iterated images of any vector in the bundle approaches zero exponentially (if the positive component is in the denominator). This is an extension of the Krein-Rutman theorem which deals with one compact strongly positive map only. The existence of invariant bundles with the above properties appears to be very useful in the investigation of asymptotic behavior of trajectories of strongly monotone discrete-time dynamical systems, as demonstrated by Poláčik and Tereščák (Arch. Ration. Math. Anal.116, 339-360, 1991) and Hess and Poláčik (preprint). The present paper also contains some new results on typical asymptotic behavior in scalar periodic parabolic equations.

KW - Vector bundle maps

KW - asymptotic behavior

KW - continuous separation

KW - exponential separation

KW - invariant subbundles

KW - periodic parabolic equations

KW - positive operators

KW - stable periodic solutions

KW - strongly monotone dynamical systems

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U2 - 10.1007/BF01053163

DO - 10.1007/BF01053163

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:34250074344

VL - 5

SP - 279

EP - 303

JO - Journal of Dynamics and Differential Equations

JF - Journal of Dynamics and Differential Equations

SN - 1040-7294

IS - 2

ER -