Exploring the IEEE C37.234 guide for protective relay application to power system buses

B. Kasztenny, S. Conrad, P. Beaumont, K. Behrendt, O. Bolado, J. Boyle, G. Brunello, J. Burger, F. Calero, S. Chano, G. Dalke, A. Darlington, H. Docarmo, D. Fontana, Z. Gajic, J. Holbach, L. Kojovic, F. Lopez, D. Lukach, D. McGinnJ. Miller, P. Mysore, J. O'Brien, B. Pickett, S. Sambasivan, G. Sessler, V. Skendzic, J. Smith, D. Tholomier, M. Thompson, J. Uchiyama, D. Ware, D. Weers, R. Whittaker, R. Young, S. Zocholl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


This paper summarizes the IEEE C37.234-2009 Guide for Protective Relay Applications to Power System Buses. In the Guide, concepts of power bus protection are discussed. Consideration is given to availability and location of breakers, current transformers, and disconnectors as well as bus switching scenarios, and their impact on the selection and application of bus protection. A number of bus protection schemes are presented; their adequacy, complexity, strengths and limitations with respect to a variety of bus arrangements are discussed; specific application guidelines are provided for a variety of situations. Breaker failure protection is discussed as pertaining to bus protection. Means of securing bus protection schemes against corrupted relay input signals are also included.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5467280
Pages (from-to)936-943
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Delivery
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Breaker failure protection
  • bus
  • check zone
  • current transformers
  • differential bus protection
  • dynamic bus replica
  • electric power substation
  • high impedance differential
  • partial differential
  • percentage differential
  • protective relaying
  • stub bus protection
  • voltage trip supervision
  • zone interlocked bus protection


Dive into the research topics of 'Exploring the IEEE C37.234 guide for protective relay application to power system buses'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this