Exploring Nonlinear Models in Personality Assessment: Development and Preliminary Validation of a Negative Emotionality Scale

Niels G. Waller, Auke Tellegen, Roderick P. McDonald, David T. Lykken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

82 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this article we discuss the applicability of several new measurement models to the construction of personality scales, and we contrast these models with more traditional approaches in common usage, such as the principal factor analysis model. Our goal is to illustrate how nonlinear item-response models can be profitably used in personality research. We describe the development of a 30-item Negative Emotionality scale that was constructed using nonlinear factor analysis and item-response theory. We also show how traditional (linear) factor analysis can produce misleading results when it is applied to personality items with dichotomous response formats (e.g., true/false, agree/disagree). No formal training in modern measurement theory is assumed of the reader as we describe the nonlinear models that are used in this study in nontechnical language with a minimum of mathematics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)X-576
JournalJournal of Personality
Volume64
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1996

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Exploring Nonlinear Models in Personality Assessment: Development and Preliminary Validation of a Negative Emotionality Scale'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this