Experimental study of drop shape and wake effects on particle scavenging for non-evaporating drops using ultrasonic levitation

Steven Fredericks, J. R. Saylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Single drop particle scavenging was experimentally measured for a non-evaporating drop using an ultrasonic levitation technique. This technique enabled measurements of scavenging efficiency, E, for individual drops, and allowed for control of drop axis ratio, α, drop shape oscillations, and Reynolds number, Re, independently from drop diameter. Non-evaporating drops were used which resulted in essentially zero temperature and vapor concentration difference between the drop surface and the surrounding air, virtually eliminating the possibility of confounding phoretic effects. Plots of E versus Stokes number, Stk, became independent of α when Stk was calculated using the Sauter mean diameter (as opposed to the equivolume diameter). Furthermore, E was shown to be insensitive to both Re and drop shape oscillations, suggesting that wake effects do not have a measurable impact on E. Finally, a method was developed to relate E for spherical drops, which are assumed for existing scavenging model predictions, to E for arbitrarily deformed drops, such as those occurring in rain. Of note, these are the first measurements of droplet scavenging using ultrasonic levitation.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages1-17
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Aerosol Science
Volume127
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Scavenging
experimental study
Ultrasonics
oscillation
Reynolds number
droplet
air
prediction
particle
effect
temperature
Rain
Vapors

Keywords

  • Drops
  • Oscillation
  • Scavenging
  • Shape
  • Wake

Cite this

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title = "Experimental study of drop shape and wake effects on particle scavenging for non-evaporating drops using ultrasonic levitation",
abstract = "Single drop particle scavenging was experimentally measured for a non-evaporating drop using an ultrasonic levitation technique. This technique enabled measurements of scavenging efficiency, E, for individual drops, and allowed for control of drop axis ratio, α, drop shape oscillations, and Reynolds number, Re, independently from drop diameter. Non-evaporating drops were used which resulted in essentially zero temperature and vapor concentration difference between the drop surface and the surrounding air, virtually eliminating the possibility of confounding phoretic effects. Plots of E versus Stokes number, Stk, became independent of α when Stk was calculated using the Sauter mean diameter (as opposed to the equivolume diameter). Furthermore, E was shown to be insensitive to both Re and drop shape oscillations, suggesting that wake effects do not have a measurable impact on E. Finally, a method was developed to relate E for spherical drops, which are assumed for existing scavenging model predictions, to E for arbitrarily deformed drops, such as those occurring in rain. Of note, these are the first measurements of droplet scavenging using ultrasonic levitation.",
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N2 - Single drop particle scavenging was experimentally measured for a non-evaporating drop using an ultrasonic levitation technique. This technique enabled measurements of scavenging efficiency, E, for individual drops, and allowed for control of drop axis ratio, α, drop shape oscillations, and Reynolds number, Re, independently from drop diameter. Non-evaporating drops were used which resulted in essentially zero temperature and vapor concentration difference between the drop surface and the surrounding air, virtually eliminating the possibility of confounding phoretic effects. Plots of E versus Stokes number, Stk, became independent of α when Stk was calculated using the Sauter mean diameter (as opposed to the equivolume diameter). Furthermore, E was shown to be insensitive to both Re and drop shape oscillations, suggesting that wake effects do not have a measurable impact on E. Finally, a method was developed to relate E for spherical drops, which are assumed for existing scavenging model predictions, to E for arbitrarily deformed drops, such as those occurring in rain. Of note, these are the first measurements of droplet scavenging using ultrasonic levitation.

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