Experimental reproduction of swine infertility and respiratory syndrome in pregnant sows.

W. T. Christianson, Jim Collins, D. A. Benfield, L. Harris, D. E. Gorcyca, D. W. Chladek, Robert B Morrison, Han S Joo

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142 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to experimentally reproduce swine infertility and respiratory syndrome (SIRS). Six multiparous sows were intranasally inoculated at 93 days of gestation with lung homogenates from clinically affected pigs, and 3 additional sows were similarly inoculated with a virus isolated in cell culture from the lung homogenate (SIRS virus, isolate ATCC VR-2332). Inoculated sows developed transient anorexia, farrowed up to 7 days prematurely, and delivered a mean of 5.8 live pigs and 6.0 dead fetuses/litter. Clinical signs of disease were not observed in 3 sham-inoculated control sows that delivered a mean of 12.7 live pigs and 0.3 stillborn fetuses/litter. The SIRS virus was isolated from 50 of 76 live-born and stillborn fetuses from the 9 infected litters. Virus was not isolated from 26 autolyzed fetuses or 15 control pigs. Six of 9 inoculated sows developed neutralizing antibodies to SIRS virus. The reproductive effects found in these experiments were identical to those found in field cases. On the basis of our findings, virus isolate ATCC VR-2332 causes the reproductive failure associated with SIRS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)485-488
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican journal of veterinary research
Volume53
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1992

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