Experimental investigation of a flexiblewing with a variable camber continuous trailing edge flap design

Nhan Nguyen, Nathan Precup, James Urnes, Chester Nelson, Sonia Lebofsky, Eric Ting, Eli Livne

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper presents experimental results of a flexible wing wind tunnel model with a variable camber continuous trailing edge flap (VCCTEF) design for drag minimization, tested at the University of Washington Aeronautical Laboratory (UWAL). The wind tunnel test was designed to explore the relative merit of the VCCTEF concept for improved cruise efficiency through the use of low-cost aeroelastic model test techniques. The flexible wing model is a 10%-scaled model of a typical transport wing and is constructed of woven fabric composites and foam core. The wing structural stiffness in bending is tailored to be half of the stiffness of a Boeing 757-era transport wing, while the torsional stiffness is about the same. This stiffness reduction results in a wing tip deflection of about 10% of the wing semi-span. The VCCTEF is a multi-segment flap design having three chordwise camber segments and five spanwise flap sections for a total of 15 individual flap elements. The three chordwise camber segments can be positioned appropriately to create a desired trailing edge camber. Elastomeric material is used to cover the gaps in between the spanwise flap sections, thereby creating a continuous trailing edge. Wind tunnel data indicate a high degree of data correlation and repeatability. The VCCTEF can achieve a drag reduction of up to 6.31% and an improvement in the lift-to-drag ratio (L/D) of up to 4.85%. The paper also presents two methods for estimating the lift coefficient of a rigid wing using a dynamic pressure correction and an aeroelastic deflection correction. Both methods provide good estimates of the rigid-wing lift coefficient.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication32nd AIAA Applied Aerodynamics Conference
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc.
ISBN (Print)9781624102882
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes
Event32nd AIAA Applied Aerodynamics Conference 2014 - Atlanta, GA, United States
Duration: Jun 16 2014Jun 20 2014

Publication series

Name32nd AIAA Applied Aerodynamics Conference

Conference

Conference32nd AIAA Applied Aerodynamics Conference 2014
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityAtlanta, GA
Period6/16/146/20/14

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