Background: The Ehrlichia muris-like agent (EMLA) is a newly recognized human pathogen in the North Central United States. Although blacklegged ticks (Ixodes scapularis) have been identified as capable vectors, wild reservoirs have not yet been established for EMLA. As key hosts for I. scapularis, white-footed mice (Peromyscus leucopus) are important reservoirs for various tick-borne pathogens, and potentially, for EMLA. The objective of this study was to evaluate reservoir competence in P. leucopus using a natural vector. Results: Mice acquired EMLA infection from feeding ticks and were able to transmit infection to naïve ticks. Transmission between simultaneously feeding tick life stages was also demonstrated. Infections in mice were acute and severe, with systemic dissemination. Limited host survival and clearance of infection among survivors resulted in a narrow interval where EMLA could be acquired by feeding ticks. Conclusions: Peromyscus leucopus is a competent reservoir of EMLA and likely to play a role in its enzootic transmission cycle. The duration and severity of EMLA infection in these hosts suggests that tick phenology is a critical factor determining the geographic distribution of EMLA in North America.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was funded under grant number R01AI042792, provided by the National Institutes of Health (USA) and awarded to UGM. The funders had no role in the study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript
© 2017 The Author(s).
Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
- Ehrlichia muris
- Ixodes scapularis
- Peromyscus leucopus
- Reservoir competence
- Tick phenology