Experimental evaluation of a bovine pericardium-derived collagen matrix buttress in ileocolic and colon anastomoses

Wolfgang B Gaertner, Gonzalo F. Hagerman, Michael J. Potter, Richard E. Karulf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Anastomotic leakage is a major complication of colorectal surgery. The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare stapled ileocolic and colon-colon anastomoses with or without a collagen buttress derived from bovine pericardium in the immediate postoperative period. Methods: Various stapling devices were used to create ileocolic and colon-colon anastomoses in a canine model. Ileocolic anastomoses were created by simulating two different techniques: "open" and "laparoscopic". Colon-colon anastomoses were created by using a double-stapled technique. A total of 27 colon anastomoses (13 left colon-colon, 8 right "laparoscopic", and 6 right "open") were created. Anastomoses buttressed with bovine pericardium (n = 15) were compared to anastomoses without any reinforcement (n = 12). Staple lines were evaluated 4 hours after operation. Evaluation included bursting pressure and bursting location. Results: No stapler device malfunction occurred. Excision rings were complete in all colon-colon anastomoses. All non-buttressed anastomoses burst at the staple line, whereas with buttressed anastomoses the adjacent intestine burst (p = 0.0001). The intestinal bursting pressure of bowel segments with buttressed staple lines (mean, 362 mmHg) was significantly higher than the bursting pressure of non-buttressed staple lines (mean, 204 mmHg, p < 0.0001). Conclusion: The use of a collagen matrix buttress derived from bovine pericardium in stapled ileocolic and colon-colon anastomoses was safe. Buttressed anastomoses showed greater bursting strength as compared to non-buttressed anastomoses in the immediate postoperative period in a canine model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)48-54
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part B Applied Biomaterials
Volume92
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010

Keywords

  • Collagen
  • Pericardium
  • Scaffolds

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