Experimental constraints on JPC=1-+, I=1, Hybrid mesons

M. Zielinski, D. Berg, C. Chandlee, S. Cihangir, T. Ferbel, J. Huston, T. Jensen, F. Lobkowicz, T. Ohshima, P. Slattery, P. Thompson, B. Collick, S. Heppelmann, M. Marshak, E. Peterson, K. Ruddick, A. Jonckheere, C. A. Nelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Using data on coherent production of π+π+π- systems in π+ collisions with nuclei we exclude the existence of JPC=1-+, I=1, exotic hybrid mesons with masses below 1.5 GeV and widths greater than 20 MeV, provided that their primary coupling is to πρ systems. Hybrid states with just such properties have recently been predicted from arguments based on QCD sum rules. Our experimental limit is based on Primakoff production of these states, and on an argument using vector dominance to relate their radiative widths to πρ channels. There has been increasing interest of late in the existence of hybrid states, which, in the case of mesons, contain a valence gluon in addition to a q {Mathematical expression} pair in a color-octet state [1-5]. The pursuit of spectroscopic gluon degrees of freedom has been strongly motivated by the general QCD picture of hadrons, as well as by many specific calculations based on QCD sum rules, lattice simulations, and more phenomenological approaches such as QCD-bag models. Although much effort, both thoretical and experimental, has been devoted to the spectroscopy of glueballs, for which several candidates exist [6], it has also been realized that hybrid states may be as amenable to discovery, and perhaps less ambiguous to interpretation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)545-548
Number of pages4
JournalZeitschrift für Physik C Particles and Fields
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1986


Dive into the research topics of 'Experimental constraints on JPC=1-+, I=1, Hybrid mesons'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this