Experimental analysis of convective drying of paper and board

Koushik Sampath, Leonard Reynolds, Hua Jiang Huang, Shri Ramaswamy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Conventional multi-cylinder drying of paper and board involves a mixture of conductive drying from steam-heated dryer cylinders and convective drying by the flow of heated air over the surface of the paper web in the pockets. Pocket ventilation is a critical component in assisting heat and mass transfer during the drying process but is the primary contributor toward removing evaporated water from the web. Air temperature, velocity, and humidity are critical parameters involved in the convective drying process. This paper covers an experimental study involving the design and development of a small lab-scale setup for convective drying of various grades of paper and board, monitoring multiple parameters like paper temperature, moisture content, air humidity, temperature, and velocity measured in situ as the drying proceeds with continuous and accurate sampling capabilities for all parameters in the sample and the system. Instantaneous drying rates, heat, and mass transfer coefficients were also deduced for every time step till the paper completely dried. Furthermore, the coefficients obtained were also reported in the form of dimensionless correlations, and the results were compared against traditional correlations used in the modeling of paper drying. This data will be useful in process development, modeling, design, and the paper drying process simulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)880-895
Number of pages16
JournalDrying Technology
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2024

Bibliographical note

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© 2024 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


  • Paper
  • convection
  • drying
  • heat transfer
  • mass transfer
  • process design

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