Expanding Thorium Hydride Chemistry Through Th2+, Including the Synthesis of a Mixed-Valent Th4+/Th3+ Hydride Complex

Ryan R. Langeslay, Megan E. Fieser, Joseph W. Ziller, Filipp Furche, William J. Evans

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29 Scopus citations


The reactivity of the recently discovered Th2+ complex [K(18-crown-6)(THF)2][Cp″3Th], 1 [Cp″ = C5H3(SiMe3)2-1,3], with hydrogen reagents has been investigated and found to provide syntheses of new classes of thorium hydride compounds. Complex 1 reacts with [Et3NH][BPh4] to form the terminal Th4+ hydride complex Cp″3ThH, 2, a reaction that formally involves a net two-electron reduction. Complex 1 also reacts in the solid state and in solution with H2 to form a mixed-valent bimetallic product, [K(18-crown-6)(Et2O)][Cp″2ThH2]2, 3, which was analyzed by X-ray crystallography, electron paramagnetic resonance and optical spectroscopy, and density functional theory. The existence of 3, which formally contains Th3+ and Th4+, suggested that KC8 could reduce [(C5Me5)2ThH2]2. In the presence of 18-crown-6, this reaction forms an analogous mixed-valent product formulated as [K(18-crown-6)(THF)][(C5Me5)2ThH2]2, 4. A similar complex with (C5Me4H)1- ligands was not obtained, but reaction of (C5Me4H)3Th with H2 in the presence of KC8 and 2.2.2-cryptand at -45 °C produced two monometallic hydride products, namely, (C5Me4H)3ThH, 5, and [K(2.2.2-cryptand)]{(C5Me4H)215-C5Me3H(CH2)]ThH]}, 6. Complex 6 contains a metalated tetramethylcyclopentadienyl dianion, [C5Me3H(CH2)]2-, that binds in a tuck-in mode.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4036-4045
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number12
StatePublished - Apr 20 2016

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© 2016 American Chemical Society.


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