Historically, payment for cognitive, nonprocedural care has required provision of face-to-face evaluation and management as part of general ambulatory or inpatient care. Although non-face-to-face patient care (e.g., care via electronic means or telephone) is commonly performed and is integral to patient-centered care, appropriate reimbursement for this type of care is lacking. Beginning in 2017, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid (CMS) has taken a large step forward in reimbursing an increased number of cognitive care and non-face-to-face codes. CMS has also included language indicating that nonphysician providers (i.e., nurse practitioners and physician assistants) can perform many of these services independently. The 2017 and now the 2018 fee schedules thus create new payments for non-face-to-face, patient-centered services, and may allow neurologists to reach out to more patients through nonphysician providers. As health care in the United States moves toward value-based incentives, these newly supported non-face-to-face services will provide neurologists with new tools to deliver sustainable, high-value care.