Pulmonary valvar stenosis with intact ventricular septum is a common anomaly. This lesion poses a fixed obstruction to the right ventricular outflow. The right ventricle ejects the entire cardiac output across the stenotic valve. Right ventricular systolic pressure and oxygen demand are increased at rest and more so with exercise. Exercise tolerance in children and adults with mild valvar pulmonary stenosis is nearly normal, but is diminished in those with moderate and severe stenosis, indicating impaired ability to sustain adequate cardiac output. Following relief of stenosis, cardiac performance improves in children, but remains abnormal in adults. This appears to be related to postoperative resolution of right ventricular hypertrophy in children, whereas myocardial fibrosis may explain the lack of improvement in adults.
- Exercise testing
- Pulmonary stenosis