Exercise testing in children with pulmonary valvar stenosis

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pulmonary valvar stenosis with intact ventricular septum is a common anomaly. This lesion poses a fixed obstruction to the right ventricular outflow. The right ventricle ejects the entire cardiac output across the stenotic valve. Right ventricular systolic pressure and oxygen demand are increased at rest and more so with exercise. Exercise tolerance in children and adults with mild valvar pulmonary stenosis is nearly normal, but is diminished in those with moderate and severe stenosis, indicating impaired ability to sustain adequate cardiac output. Following relief of stenosis, cardiac performance improves in children, but remains abnormal in adults. This appears to be related to postoperative resolution of right ventricular hypertrophy in children, whereas myocardial fibrosis may explain the lack of improvement in adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-32
Number of pages6
JournalPediatric Cardiology
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

Keywords

  • Exercise
  • Exercise testing
  • Pulmonary stenosis

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