Cardiac rehabilitation services are comprehensive long term programmes designed to limit the physiological and psychological effects of cardiovascular disease (CVD), control cardiac symptoms and reduce the risk of subsequent CVD events by stabilising or partially reversing the underlying atherosclerosis process through risk factor modification. Exercise training is the cornerstone of such programmes. Ideally, exercise conditioning or training for the stable cardiac patient should include a combination of cardiorespiratory endurance (aerobic) training, arm exercises and muscular conditioning resistance (strength) training. Flexibility exercises should also be performed, usually as part of the warm-up and cool-down routines preceding and following endurance and strength training. This review discusses the potential physiological, psychological and health benefits of regular exercise and provides guidelines for exercise training for the rehabilitation of post-myocardial infarction patients following hospitalisation.