The effect of an acute bout of exhaustive exercise on hepatic fatty acid synthase (FAS) gene expression was examined in rats. Female Sprague-Dawley rats (age 8 wk) were fasted for 48 h (F, n = 6), or fasted, refed a high- fructose diet for 6 h, and killed at rest (R, n = 6) or killed after running on a treadmill at 27 m/min and 5% grade for 88 ± 7 min (E, n = 6). Gel mobility shift assay indicated that R rats had twofold higher liver nuclear protein binding to oligonucleotides corresponding to the insulin responsive sequence (-71/-50) and carbohydrate response element (+283/+303) on the FAS promoter, compared with F rats. Exercise severely attenuated this binding in liver nuclear extracts to the levels seen in F rats. Competition and supershift experiments revealed that the bound protein complexes contained the upstream stimulatory factors. Nuclear run-on experiment revealed a 49- fold increase in transcription rate of the FAS gene in R vs. F rats, whereas exercise suppressed the transcription rate. FAS mRNA abundance and FAS enzyme activity were dramatically increased with refeeding but were unaltered by exercise. The results reveal that dietary induction of hepatic FAS is stimulated by increased nuclear protein binding to insulin responsive sequence and carbohydrate response element, whereas exhaustive exercise attenuates the binding, which may precede downregulation of FAS mRNA and enzyme synthesis reported in our previous work (M. A. Griffiths, R. Fiebig, M. T. Gore, D. H. Baker, K. Esser, L. Oscai, and L. L. Ji. J. Nutr. 126, 1959-1971, 1996).
- Gene regulation
- Insulin response sequence