Exercise as medicine for the treatment of brain dysfunction: Evidence for cortical stroke, cerebellar ataxia, and Parkinson's Disease

Yu Ting Tseng, Sanaz Khosravani, Arash Mahnan, Jürgen Konczak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This review addresses the role of exercise as an intervention for treating neurological disease. It focuses on three major neurological diseases that either present in acute or neurodegenerative forms-Parkinson's disease, cerebellar ataxia, and cortical stroke. Each of the diseases affects primarily different brain structures, namely the basal ganglia, the cerebellum, and the cerebrum. These structures are all known to be involved in motor control, and the dysfunction of each structure leads to distinct movement deficits. The review summarizes current knowledge on how exercise can aid rehabilitation or therapeutic efforts. In addition, it addresses the role of robotic devices in enhancing available therapies by reviewing how robot-aided therapies may promote the recovery for stroke survivors. It highlights recent scientific evidence in support of exercise as a treatment for brain dysfunction, but also outlines the still open challenges for unequivocally demonstrating the benefits of exercise.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)30-41
Number of pages12
JournalKinesiology Review
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2017

Keywords

  • Ataxia
  • Basal ganglia
  • Cerebellum
  • Cortex
  • Human
  • Movement

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