Excitons in carbon nanotubes with broken time-reversal symmetry

S. Zaric, G. N. Ostojic, J. Shaver, J. Kono, O. Portugall, P. H. Frings, G. L.J.A. Rikken, M. Furis, S. A. Crooker, X. Wei, V. C. Moore, R. H. Hauge, R. E. Smalley

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98 Scopus citations


Near-infrared magneto-optical spectroscopy of single-walled carbon nanotubes reveals two absorption peaks with an equal strength at high magnetic fields (>55T). We show that the peak separation is determined by the Aharonov-Bohm phase due to the tube-threading magnetic flux, which breaks the time-reversal symmetry and lifts the valley degeneracy. This field-induced symmetry breaking thus overcomes the Coulomb-induced intervalley mixing which is predicted to make the lowest exciton state optically inactive (or dark).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number016406
JournalPhysical review letters
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 13 2006


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