Excitonic singlet-triplet ratios in molecular and polymeric organic materials

M. Segal, A. Baldo, J. Holmes, R. Forrest, G. Soos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

315 Scopus citations


A simple technique employing reverse bias measurements of photoluminescent efficiency is described to determine the excitonic singlet-triplet formation statistics of electroluminescent organic thin films. Using this method, the singlet fractions in thin films of two organic emissive materials commonly used in organic light emitting devices, tris(8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminum (Alq3) and poly[2-methoxy-5-(2-ethylhexyloxy)-1,4-phenylenevinylene] (MEH-PPV), are found to be (20±1)% and (20±4)%, respectively. Results are confirmed using a sensitive synchronous detection scheme. We discuss other measurements and the current understanding of exciton formation statistics in polymeric and small molecular weight organic electroluminescent materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number7
StatePublished - 2003
Externally publishedYes


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