Exchange coupled composite media for perpendicular magnetic recording

Jian Ping Wang, Weikang Shen, Jianmin Bai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

139 Scopus citations


A novel exchange coupled composite (ECC) media was demonstrated and investigated systematically in this work. The writing capability and thermal stability were proved to be engineered separately based on this new media. Proper exchange coupling between [Co-PdSiO] n hard layer and FeSiO soft layer was implemented through a PdSi interlayer. Transmission electron microscope plan-view and cross section view observations, macromagnetic, and micromagnetic testing proved vertically grown magnetic grains with soft and hard regions for ECC media. The switching of the soft region of magnetic grains with the external field rotated the magnetization of the hard region of magnetic grains to about 45° with perpendicular direction, which resulted in a similar behavior as a dynamic tilted media. A much lower angle dispersion of the remanent coercivity for the ECC media was found, which is another advantage for such media. ECC media showed better recording performance compared to perpendicular media. Strong exchange coupling between the hard and soft regions of magnetic grains (exchange spring media) was discussed based on the above proposed layer structure too.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3181-3186
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Transactions on Magnetics
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2005

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported in part by Information Storage Industry Consortium (INSIC) Extremely High Density Recording (EHDR) Program, and in part by Heraeus Inc.


  • Exchange coupled composite (ECC) media
  • Exchange spring media
  • FeSiO
  • Oxygen doping
  • Perpendicular recording
  • Ru underlayer
  • Thermal stability
  • Tilted media
  • Writing capability
  • [Co-Pd]

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