Objective: To identify predictors associated with television (TV) watching during family meals. Methods: Parents of racially and ethnically diverse 5- to 7-year-old children (n = 150) completed 8 days of ecological momentary assessment surveys. After each meal they shared with their child, parents answered meal-related questions (eg, who was present). Adjusted generalized estimating equations were used to estimate probabilities of watching TV during family meals for individual predictors. Results: Number of adults present, location, outside influences (eg, planned meal, stress), and time to prepare the meal were independently predictive of TV watching during the meal (P < .001). Conclusion and Implications: Results of the current study suggest that families may need assistance in addressing predictors (eg, stress) associated with watching TV during family meals, given prior research has shown watching TV during family meals is associated with negative dietary outcomes. Future research might investigate other factors that may also influence watching TV at family meals.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by Grant No. R01HL126171 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (Primary Investigator: J.M. Berge). The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, or the National Institutes of Health.
Copyright 2019 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
- ecological momentary assessment
- family meal characteristics
- family meals