Examining Predictors of Watching Television During Family Meals in a Diverse Sample

Amanda C. Trofholz, Susan Telke, Katie Loth, Allan Tate, Jerica M. Berge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors associated with television (TV) watching during family meals.

METHODS: Parents of racially and ethnically diverse 5- to 7-year-old children (n = 150) completed 8 days of ecological momentary assessment surveys. After each meal they shared with their child, parents answered meal-related questions (eg, who was present). Adjusted generalized estimating equations were used to estimate probabilities of watching TV during family meals for individual predictors.

RESULTS: Number of adults present, location, outside influences (eg, planned meal, stress), and time to prepare the meal were independently predictive of TV watching during the meal (P < .001).

CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS: Results of the current study suggest that families may need assistance in addressing predictors (eg, stress) associated with watching TV during family meals, given prior research has shown watching TV during family meals is associated with negative dietary outcomes. Future research might investigate other factors that may also influence watching TV at family meals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1113-1120
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Issue number9
StatePublished - Oct 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by Grant No. R01HL126171 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (Primary Investigator: J.M. Berge). The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, or the National Institutes of Health.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019


  • ecological momentary assessment
  • family meal characteristics
  • family meals
  • television

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article


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