Examining communication and assertiveness as predictors of condom use: Implications for HIV prevention

B. D. Zamboni, I. Crawford, P. G. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations

Abstract

The current study explored the relationship between communication and assertiveness in general and sexual contexts and examined each construct's differential ability to predict reported condom use among college students. The results suggest that the constructs are positively related to each other, but general communication does not predict sexual assertiveness. Although sexual assertiveness is a better predictor of condom use than general assertiveness, general communication, and sexual communication, it needs to be considered within the context of other variables (e.g., normative beliefs regarding condom use). HIV prevention programs and models of health behavior should incorporate individual characteristics such as sexual assertiveness. The results of this study suggest that sexual assertiveness, social norm perceptions of condom use, self-efficacy for HIV prevention, and condom attitudes are among the critical variables that should be examined in an integrated model of sexual health behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)492-504
Number of pages13
JournalAIDS Education and Prevention
Volume12
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2000

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