CONTEXT: The Igls criteria were developed to provide a consensus definition for outcomes of β-cell replacement therapy in the treatment of diabetes during a January 2017 workshop sponsored by the International Pancreas & Islet Transplant Association (IPITA) and the European Pancreas & Islet Transplant Association. In July 2019, a symposium at the 17th IPITA World Congress was held to examine the Igls criteria after 2 years in clinical practice, including validation against continuous glucose monitoring (CGM)-derived glucose targets, and to propose future refinements that would allow for comparison of outcomes with artificial pancreas system approaches.
EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Utilization of the criteria in various clinical and research settings was illustrated by population as well as individual outcome data of 4 islet and/or pancreas transplant centers. Validation against CGM metrics was conducted in 55 islet transplant recipients followed-up to 10 years from a fifth center.
EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: The Igls criteria provided meaningful clinical assessment on an individual patient and treatment group level, allowing for comparison both within and between different β-cell replacement modalities. Important limitations include the need to account for changes in insulin requirements and C-peptide levels relative to baseline. In islet transplant recipients, CGM glucose time in range improved with each category of increasing β-cell graft function.
CONCLUSIONS: Future Igls 2.0 criteria should consider absolute rather than relative levels of insulin use and C-peptide as qualifiers with treatment success based on glucose assessment using CGM metrics on par with assessment of glycated hemoglobin and severe hypoglycemia events.
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- continuous glucose monitoring
- islet transplantation
- pancreas transplantation
- type 1 diabetes
- β-cell replacement