Fast microwave-assisted catalytic co-pyrolysis of Chromolaena odorata (C. odorata) and soybean soapstock with HZSM-5 as an ex-situ catalyst was investigated. Effects of catalytic temperature, feedstock: catalyst ratio and C. odorata: soybean soapstock ratio on the yield and composition of the bio-oil were discussed. Results showed that catalytic temperature greatly influenced the bio-oil yield. Co-pyrolysis of C. odorata and soybean soapstock improved the bio-oil yield, and the maximum bio-oil yield of 55.14% was obtained at 250 °C. However, the addition of HZSM-5 decreased bio-oil yield but improved the quality of bio-oil. Moreover, the proportion of oxygen-containing compounds decreased dramatically with the addition of soybean soapstock. The C. odorata: soybean soapstock ratio of 1:2 and feedstock: catalyst ratio of 2:1 were the optimal condition to upgrade the bio-oil. In addition, the resulted biochar contained various essential elements and could be used as soil repair agent.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We gratefully acknowledge the financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21766019 ), The Key Research and Development Program of Jiangxi Province ( 20171BBF60023 ), International Cooperation Project of MOST. P. R. China ( 2015DFA60170-4 ), Science and Technology Research Project of Jiangxi Province Education Department (No. GJJ150213 ), Innovation and Entrepreneurship Development Fund of “Thousand talents program” Talent (No. 1001-02102082 ), Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of New and Renewable Energy Research and Development (No. Y707sb1001 ).
© 2018 Elsevier Ltd
- Chromolaena odorata
- Ex-situ catalytic co-pyrolysis
- Soybean soapstock