Ex-situ catalytic co-pyrolysis of lignin and polypropylene to upgrade bio-oil quality by microwave heating

Dengle Duan, Yunpu Wang, Leilei Dai, Roger Ruan, Yunfeng Zhao, Liangliang Fan, Maimaitiaili Tayier, Yuhuan Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

Microwave-assisted fast co-pyrolysis of lignin and polypropylene for bio-oil production was conducted using the ex-situ catalysis technology. Effects of catalytic temperature, feedstock/catalyst ratio, and lignin/polypropylene ratio on product distribution and chemical components of bio-oil were investigated. The catalytic temperature of 250 °C was the most conducive to bio-oil production in terms of the yield. The bio-oil yield decreased with the addition of catalyst during ex-situ catalytic co-pyrolysis. When the feedstock/catalyst ratio was 2:1, the minimum char and coke values were 21.22% and 1.54%, respectively. The proportion of cycloalkanes decreased and the aromatics increased with the increasing catalyst loading. A positive synergistic effect was observed between lignin and polypropylene. The char yield dramatically deceased and the bio-oil yield improved during co-pyrolysis compared with those during lignin pyrolysis alone. The proportion of oxygenates dramatically and the minimum value of 6.74% was obtained when the lignin/polypropylene ratio was 1:1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)207-213
Number of pages7
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume241
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Keywords

  • Bio-oil
  • Co-pyrolysis
  • Ex-situ catalysis
  • HZSM-5
  • Microwave

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