Evolution of the Tyrosinase Related Gene (TYRL) in Primates

W. S. OETTING, O. C. STINE, D. TOWNSEND, R. A. KING

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Tyrosinase is the major enzyme responsible for the formation of melanin pigment and is found throughout the animal kingdom. In humans, the tyrosinase gene (TYR) maps to the long arm of chromosome 11 at band q14→q21, while a tyrosinase related gene (TYRL) maps to the short arm of chromosome 11 at pll.2°Cen. We and others have found that the TYRL locus contains sequences that are similar to exons IV and V of the authentic tyrosinase gene but lacks sequences of exons I, II, and III. In an attempt to understand the evolution of the human tyrosinase gene, we have analyzed TYR and TYRL in primates and have found that exons IV and V of the chimpanzee and gorilla TYR are very similar to the human, with the gorilla sequence being more similar than the chimpanzee. We have also found that the gorilla but not the chimpanzee contains a TYRL locus similar to the human TYRL locus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)171-177
Number of pages7
JournalPigment Cell Research
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1993

Keywords

  • Pseudogene
  • Tyrosinase
  • Tyrosinase related

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