Evolution of the rheological and microstructural properties of olivine aggregates during dislocation creep under hydrous conditions

Miki Tasaka, Mark E. Zimmerman, David L. Kohlstedt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Since hydrogen plays an important role in dynamic processes in Earth's mantle, we conducted torsion experiments to shear strains of 0.6 to 5.0 on Fe-bearing olivine aggregates [(Mg0.5Fe0.5)2SiO4: Fo50] under hydrous conditions at T=1200°C and P=300MPa. We deformed samples to high enough strains that a steady state microstructures were achieved, which allowed us to investigate the evolution of both the rheological and microstructural properties. The stress exponent of n≈5.0 and the grain size exponent of p≈0 determined by fitting the strain rate, stress, and grain size data indicate that our samples deformed by dislocation creep. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy measurements on embedded olivine single crystals demonstrated that our samples were saturated with hydrogen during the deformation experiments. The lattice preferred orientation (LPO) of olivine changes as a function of strain due to competition among three slip systems: (010)[100], (100)[001], and (001)[100]. Observed strain weakening can be attributed to geometrical softening associated with development of LPO, which reduces the stress by ~1/3 from its peak value in constant strain rate experiments. The geometrical softening coefficient determined in this study is an important constraint for modeling and understanding dynamical processes in the upper mantle under hydrous conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)92-113
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth
Volume121
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
©2015. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.

Keywords

  • creep
  • high-strain deformation
  • microstructure
  • olivine
  • torsion

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